Bleeding is one of the cardinal signs of inflammation. Along with redness, swelling, and pain, bleeding is a sign that your body is trying to fight off an injury of some sort. When it comes to the health of your gums, bleeding is typically a sign of gingivitis or a more advanced form of gum disease known as periodontitis.
When you visit your dentist in Smithfield, NC, you will first be evaluated for any signs of gum disease. Periodontal probing and digital x-rays are used to evaluate the health of the gums and bone that surround the teeth. A clinical examination will also reveal the presence of bacterial plaque and tarter buildup that may irritate the gum tissue.
If bone loss or pockets in the gums are detected, you may benefit from a therapeutic periodontal procedure known as scaling and root planning. With the use if hand instruments and ultrasonic instruments, the irritants can be removed from the surfaces of the teeth and roots.
There are some cases in which bleeding gums and other signs of periodontal disease can be triggered by underlying health conditions. Patients who are especially stressed, those who have uncontrolled diabetes, dry mouth, or hormonal changes may experience the rapid onset of periodontal disease.
Sometimes, bleeding or tender gums may indicate the need to practice more thorough homecare practices. Always remember to brush gently with a soft toothbrush, never scrub the teeth or gums, and floss at least once each day. These habits help to minimize toxic bacteria and strengthen the gum tissue.
Bleeding gums should never be ignored. In health, the gums should be firm and right against the teeth, coral pink in color, and should resist bleeding during normal activities such as brushing or flossing. If you have noticed even occasional bleeding, you should contact your Smithfield, NC dentist for an examination right away.